From 1993 to 2015, the U.S. real gross domestic product per capita (GDP) increased 39.3% to $51,638 (2010). Canada`s GDP per capita increased 40.3% to $50,001, and Mexico increased 24.1% to $9,511. In other words, Mexico`s per capita output growth has been slower than that of Canada or the United States, whereas at first it was only one-fifth of its neighbours. Normally, growth in an emerging market economy would be expected to be greater than that of developed economies. NAFTA was actually negotiated by Bill Clinton`s predecessor, George H.W. Bush, who decided that he wanted to continue discussions on opening trade with the United States. Bush initially tried to reach an agreement between the United States and Mexico, but President Carlos Salinas de Gortari insisted that a trilateral agreement be reached between the three countries. After talks, Bush, Mulroney and Salinas signed the agreement in 1992, which came into effect two years later after Clinton was elected president. “The USMCA will provide our workers, farmers, ranchers and businesses with a quality trade agreement that will result in freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in our region. It will strengthen the middle class and create good, well-paying jobs and new opportunities for the nearly half a billion people who call North America home. NAFTA came into force in 1994 under the Clinton administration. The goal of the agreement was to stimulate trade within North America between Canada, the United States and Mexico. It was also aimed at removing barriers to trade between the three parties, the balance of services trade with Canada is positive: it imported $28.8 billion in 2015 and exported $56.1 billion $US.
Their trade balance is negative – the U.S. imported $22.6 billion more from Canada than it exported in 2017 – but the services trade surplus exceeds the deficit. The total U.S. trade surplus with Canada was $9.1 billion in 2018. Seven new language versions of Brainly were published in December 2013, including English (brainly.com), Indonesian (brainly.co.id), Indian (brainly.in), Filipino (brainly.ph), Romanian (brainly.ro) and Italian (brainly.it) websites. Brainly was initially funded by the co-founders, but then raised funds from Point Nine Capital.   NAFTA was supplemented by two other regulations: the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) and the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC). These tangential agreements should prevent companies from moving to other countries in order to use lower wages, more moderate health and safety rules and more flexible environmental rules. It is difficult to find a direct link between NAFTA and overall employment trends. The Economic Policy Institute, partially funded by trade unions, estimated that in 2013, 682,900 net jobs were supplanted by the U.S. trade deficit with Mexico. In a 2015 report, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) said NAFTA “has not caused the huge job losses that critics fear.” On the other hand, it allowed that “in some sectors, trade-related effects may have been greater, particularly in sectors that have been more exposed to the removal of tariff and non-tariff barriers, such as textiles, clothing, automobiles and agriculture.” Led by the automotive industry, the largest export category, Mexican producers have a trade surplus of $58.8 billion for goods with the United States.
Before NAFTA, there was a deficit. They have also contributed to the growth of a small educated middle class: in 2015 Mexico had about nine engineering graduates per 10,000 people, compared to seven in the United States, NAFTA shows the classic dilemma of free trade: diffuse benefits with concentrated costs. While the economy as a whole may have recovered slightly, some sectors and communities have experienced profound disruptions.