“Another drawback [with toll contracts] could eventually be security of supply,” Pelle said. “But on the other hand, I think security of supply would be easy to achieve given the long-term contracts and the continued tide of oil supplies.” However, this combustion gas produced by TOR is not sufficient to pull the refinery`s various heating systems. According to Mr. Osei, the shortage is based on fuel-oil in the form of AR or cracked fuel oil, a high-quality product, a situation that Mr. Osei observed to undermine the refinery from its profit margins. One of the reasons Indonesia needs the Tuban refinery is its inability to meet its own domestic demand for refined fuel products. With insufficient current refining capacity, Indonesia is forced to rely on imports to cover much of its needs. In addition, the country`s refining needs – no refineries have been built there since 1992 – put the country in a difficult position. “If a company has sold gas sold, it`s x plus y and costs and staff, etc., but if it only sells gas, it only needs one or two employees,” Pelle said.
“But when you think about job opportunities, the toll is not that good.” For the toll party, the agreement serves as a physical guarantee of the assets to cover the electricity trading positions. At the same time, commercial assets can be used to extract the “level of volatility” or up that could be present in volatile gas and electricity markets, Feldman said. “If you`re building your own refinery, you need 500 to 1,000 workers to run the refinery with the right capacity, and you need more engineers and you also need to train people, but when toll agreements are made, you don`t need those skills,” Pelle said. “With toll contracts, you need a small group of people, especially buyers and marketers, and it`s cheaper because they often work for the account.” Squadron Energy Group`s Australian Industrial Energy Group has signed a long-term lease agreement with NSW Ports for a port site in Port Kembla, 112 km south of Sydney, for the development of the company`s LNG import terminal project. Mr. Osei explained that third parties who enter into toll agreements with TOR trust TOR`s new philosophy of operational efficiency and transparency and are therefore motivated to do business with TOR. The Tema oil refinery (TOR) has signed an agreement that refines 11 million barrels of crude oil. Contractual clause in a sales contract (SPA) that requires payment of a minimum amount of natural gas, whether or not the delivery is accepted by the buyer. He explained that TOR`s new “operational efficiency” philosophy focuses on the company`s supply sector (Power House), the refinery`s power generation hub. ORLANDO – As gas prices rise and electricity prices rise, more and more companies are turning to tolls to finance and share the risk of building new commercial power plants, traders say. Mr.
Osei, who answered questions from energy reporters on the sidelines of the Accra conference of the African Refiners Association in Accra, mentioned that TOR was negotiating, in addition to the current toll agreement with Woodfields Energy, the signing of similar toll agreements with other international distributors such as Gemcorp, BP and other distributors. An agreement whereby a party holds (and carries) the entries and exits of a trial, as well as the rights to part of the process`s capacity (the super). Another party undertakes to manage the process or installation and collects a toll per converted entry unit or unit of capacity on which fees are granted (the toll). As part of a toll agreement for LNG, a company sends a volume of input gas to a liquefaction plant, with the gas being liquefied against a predetermined toll. With regard to the restructuring of electricity supply contracts and the calculation of capital returns