1992: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development is held in Rio de Janeiro. It is the result of, among other things, the Framework Convention on Climate Change (“FCCC” or “UNFCCC”) Democrat Joe Biden, according to people familiar with the deliberations, is considering setting up a special office in the White House, led by a climate “czar,” to coordinate efforts to combat global warming if elected president. Among the candidates discussed to lead the operation are… UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon called on world leaders to agree on an agreement to curb global warming at the 69th session of the UN General Assembly on 23 September 2014 in New York. The next climate summit was held in Paris in 2015, the date of the Paris Agreement, which succeeded the Kyoto Protocol. The view that human activity is probably responsible for most of the observed increase in global average temperature (“global warming”) since the mid-20th century is a clear reflection of current scientific thinking.   Man-made climate warming is expected to continue into the 21st century and beyond.  For nearly three decades, governments around the world have come together every year to forge a global response to the climate emergency. Under the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, every country in the world has a contractual obligation to “prevent dangerous climate change” and find ways to fairly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. Cop represents the conference of the parties within the framework of the UNFCCC.
The World Bank (2010)  stated that the Kyoto Protocol had had little impact on controlling global emissions growth. The treaty was negotiated in 1997, but by 2006 energy-related carbon dioxide emissions had increased by 24%.  The World Bank (2010) also stated that the treaty had provided only limited financial assistance to developing countries to help them reduce their emissions and adapt to climate change.  Fossil fuel production far exceeds climate targets, said Laurence Tubiana, who was France`s 2015 climate ambassador as architect of the Paris Agreement, welcoming Japan`s proposal, but said it was “disappointing that the government has not increased its ambitions in response to the climate crisis.” The UK will host the Cop26 in Glasgow in November this year. In the 2015 Paris Agreement, all governments agreed for the first time to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and set non-binding national greenhouse gas targets to achieve this. However, these targets are not sufficient and, if abandoned, would lead to an estimated warming of 3oC, which scientists believe would be a disaster. That is why the Cop26 talks in Glasgow are seen as the last chance for global cooperation in an emergency, and countries are waiting for tough new emissions targets. The unprecedented and non-binding declaration, drawn up by a multi-party group of legislators, mentions the “unprecedented damage” caused by hurricanes, floods and forest fires, aggravated by climate change in Switzerland and abroad, and the world is facing a “climate crisis”. Given unspeakable weather conditions, from this year`s record Atlantic hurricane season to floods in Europe, coupled with climate change, governments around the world are facing more calls to action, even as the coronavirus pandemic rages and undermines resources. Kat Kramer, world leader in climate at Christian Aid, said of the latest Japanese plan: “The fact that they smuggle it during a global pandemic if it avoids the scrutiny it deserves is shameful.” Japan`s contributions to climate change, including the response of government, municipalities and the private sector This page presents the international framework conditions for climate change and the initiative